"Last year, the rare-earth price a little outrageous, but the original price really low, we believe that the rare-earth prices should return to a reasonable level, but it is certainly going to go up a little yesterday (the 24th) morning, the Iron and Steel Research, magnetic Material Basic Research Office Zhuming Gang said.
Face to face - on the rare earth and our daily life activities, organized by the China Association for Science and Technology 14 scientists and media Zhuming Gang said, in recent years, rare earth volatile, industry experts agree that should not be up so high, there is There may be some speculation factors. We believe that should be a little lower than last year's prices a little higher price than in the past.
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Zhuming Gang is also a member of the Writing Group of the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of rare earth special "12th Five-Year Plan.
According to reports, has long taken the rare earth open production, opening up the supply policy, which is the main reason leading to the rare-earth prices and trade disputes continued. In 2005, China's rare earth production had reached 96% of the world's export volume has reached more than 60%. But the pricing of the rare earth does not lies in the hands of the Chinese enterprises. Compared with 1998, the Chinese rare earth export volume increased by 10 times, but the price was reduced by 36%.
Zhuming Gang said rare earth prices can not be too high, because it involves the application of the industry, such as wind power, a 1.5 megawatt wind turbine is approximately one ton of magnets, rare-earth prices calculated maximum, only the Nd-Fe-B magnets reached 50-60 million, a wind turbine is calculated according to 80-90 million, not the profit margins of manufacturers. "Therefore, the Nd-Fe-B price is too high, the wind power industry in fact is a blow." He said.
Zhang Anwen, deputy secretary general of the Chinese Society of Rare Earths, rare earth prices should have a very good price-forming mechanism. "He said, the prices of rare earth in China is really low, for environmental protection, resources and other considerations, reasonable price rebound is inevitable , this price is not only to ensure that environmental governance, resources, compensation, but also the formation of the middle and lower reaches of industrial benign and coordinated development.
Promulgated by the State Council in May last year on the promotion of the rare earth industry is continuing the healthy development of a number of observations, will be of rare earth resources in China to implement more stringent protective mining policy and ecological environmental protection standards, 1-2 years, to establish norms ordered rare earth resources development, smelting separation and order of market liquidity.
In terms of price, the views put forward to "a substantial increase in rare earth resources tax standards, inhibition of the huge profits of the exploitation of resources. Reform, the price of rare earth products, formation mechanism, intensify policy control, and the progressive realization of the unity of rare earth values and prices.
On April 8 this year, the China Rare Earth Industry Association was formally established in Beijing. According to reports, one of the industry associations is to promote the rare earth industry to form a rational pricing mechanism to create a healthy, win-win environment.
In response to litigation on the Chinese rare earth related to the United States and Japan have been carried out, Zhang Anwen, "This is their business, and China can be completely ignored.
He explained that, "We have three experts (including the Chinese Society of Rare Earths LED Professional Committee, vice chairman Zhuang Weidong and Zhu Minggang) from the late 1980s to the early 1990s, to the world a lot of cheap rare earth, Western countries with such a cheap rare earth to produce high value-added products, and even hi-tech products and products of the national defense industry, not only without a thank you, but to each other and our court, as a science and technology workers, we felt very uneven . "
Zhang Anwen said, Indeed, many countries also have rare earth minerals, "You do not exploitation, but to ask the Chinese long-term, to provide cheap, the benefits are your, this is too unreasonable.